Monday, December 29, 2008

Saint Thomas of Canterbury

On this, the 29th of December, the Fifth Day of Christmas, the Church commemorates Saint Thomas a Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. St. Thomas was martyred on this day as he was beginning Vespers in the great cathedral, in 1170. Much has been written about the life and death of the great twelfth century bishop. I encourage you, in fact, to pick up a book about him this winter, and read, and enjoy it. You may have studied his life already, but it deserves to be studied and meditated upon again. The Divine Office commemorates St. Thomas with this antiphon and versicle.

He that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.
V. The righteous shall flourish like a palm-tree.
R. And shall spread abroad like a cedar in Libanus.

Qui odit animam suam in hoc mundo, in vitam aeternam custodit eam.
V. Iustus ut palma florebit.
R. Sicut cedrus Libani multiplicabitur.

Below I share with you the entry for St. Thomas in the classic 1894 text of Butler’s Lives of the Saints.

ST. THOMAS, son of Gilbert Becket, was born in Southwark, England, in 1117. When a youth he was attached to the household of Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury, who sent him to Paris and Bologna to study law. He became Archdeacon of Canterbury, then Lord High Chancellor of England; and in 1160, when Archbishop Theobald died, the king insisted on the consecration of St. Thomas in his stead. St. Thomas refused, warning the king that from that hour their friendship would be broken. In the end he yielded, and was consecrated. The conflict at once broke out; St. Thomas resisted the royal customs, which violated the liberties of the Church and the laws of the realm. After six years of contention, partly spent in. exile, St. Thomas, with full foresight of martyrdom before him, returned as a good shepherd to his Church. On the 29th of December, 1170, just as vespers were beginning, four knights broke into the cathedral, crying: "Where is the archbishop? where is the traitor?" The monks fled, and St. Thomas might easily have escaped. But he advanced, saying: "Here I am—no traitor, but archbishop. What seek you?" "Your life," they cried. "Gladly do I give it," was the reply; and bowing his head, the invincible martyr was hacked and hewn till his soul went to God. Six months later Henry II. submitted to be publicly scourged at the Saint's shrine, and restored to the Church her full rights.

Reflection.—"Learn from St. Thomas," says Father Faber, "to fight the good fight even to the shedding of blood, or, to what men find harder, the shedding of their good name by pouring it out to waste on the earth."

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