One of the key points of doctrine in the first article of the Augsburg Confession is that of the Unity of the Divine Essence. Namely, that there is one Divine Essence which is called and which is God. He is eternal, He has no body, He does not have parts. He is infinitely powerful, which seems closely reminiscent of the creedal claim that He is almighty (compare immensa potentia with omnipotentem), wise, and good. He is the maker and preserver of all things. That is, He is the Creator.
There is a Calvinist tradition of devoting a great deal of theological emphasis on treating the attributes of God to compensate for an uneasiness with the dirty business of the Incarnation. Let us be clear, this is not what is going on in the Augsburg Confession. In this article we confess the unity of the God who is the Creator. This is vitally important, for too often modern Lutherans see talk of God as Maker of all things, visible and invisible, and conclude that it is the Father that is being discussed. We confess, however, a God who is One. When we look upon Christ, who is shown for us as having been crucified, we see the Creator of the world. We have, in so many words, a confession of the triune God, and of Christ, which takes a firm stand against gnostic notions of God, and of the world. This was just as relevant in the 16th century as it was in the 2nd and 3rd. And it remains relevant today.
More to follow.